Legal barriers, especially the practical application of some legislation, continues to hinder the degree to which a given country is able to implement solutions related to HIV, TB and hepatitis prevention, testing and healthcare services. This is particularly true for key populations, including sex workers, drug users, gay and bisexual men and other MSM, trans* and other people on the gender identity spectrum, who face discrimination and/or criminalisation within existing legislation. Besides the clear negative effect on an individual’s health, these restrictive legal barriers threaten public health and increase health inequalities across Europe.
AAE will continue working on addressing legal barriers within the framework of its EHLF project in the 2022-2026 strategic period.
EHLF has so far produced two comprehensive reports on legal barriers to accessing HIV, TB, and viral hepatitis services for migrants with irregular status (undocumented migrants) and people in prison and other closed settings, in order to identify good European practice and innovative solutions consistent with international human rights. This forum also acted as a catalyst for change where the legal framework or the practice remains poor.